The Most Common Disorders of Human Heart


Most common heart disorders:

Pulmonary stenosis:

                               Due to the accumulation of fat in pulmonary valve,it becomes too tight and and heart has to work really hard to pump blood from right ventricle into the pulmonary artery.Due to severe obstruction right ventricle has to work hard to overcome.Pulmonary stenosis is treatable but it can be worst.In severe cases open heart surgery and valvuloplasty is performed to resolve the obstruction and make continuous blood flow.This cardiac disease  is asymptomatic  in adults mostly but symptomatic in infants.

Arrhythmia:

                  An irregular heart beat is known as Arrhythmia .The rhythm of heart can be lost in many ways .Here we will pointout some abnormalities that can lead to arrhythmia.Atrial fibrillation,Premature ventricular contractions,Bradycardia and tachycardia.Arrhythmia occurs when electrical activity of heart does not work properly .This means it leads to irregular heartbeat.Irregular means heart beat might be too fast or too slow.According to a survey an irregular heart beat is experienced by most of the people in the world.Sudden dramatic changes in heart beat should deal seriously ,because they may lead to sudden cardiac arrest.In severe cases arrhythmia  may be fatal.

Mitral valve disease:

                                 If we talk about the anatomy of heart .There is a valve between left atrium and left ventricle called mitral valve.when this valve does not close properly or some part of its go back into atrium then mitral valve disease occurs.Mitral valve disease is not dangerous and life threatening in most cases,but when it gets worsed treatment is definitely required at that time .we should always take cardiac disease seriously.

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy:

                     A genetic disorder and a leading cause of sudden cardiac arrest in athletes.This disorder occur when left ventricle wall gets thick enough that make blood impossible to pumped out of the heart.This is a genetic disorder and children developed this disorder after carrying from their parents.

Acute MI:

         Myocardial infarction or acute MI is commonly known as heart attack.This happens when the blood supply of one of the cardiac muscles is compromised due to sudden coronary artries blockage or blood clot.This leads to the death of that muscle of the heart.Acute MI is also sudden cause of death in many cases.

Dilated cardiomyopathy:

                   A left ventricle disease occurs usually when heart muscles get weak enough that they can not pump blood in a normal manner.The main reason is that due to lack of oxygen supply to heart muscles .This is also called coronary artery disease like myocardial infarction.

Heart failure:

              When heart is failed to pump blood properly throughout the body.This condition is called congestive heart failure.Both sides of heart are rarely damaged,mostly left or right side of heart is affected in heart failure.
Causes of heart diseases:

There are some common causes of heart attacks.

  • 1:Age factor
  • 2:Diet
  • 3:Smoking 
  • 4:Hypertension
  • 5:Stress
  • 6:Chronic diabetes
  • 7:Family history

Treatment:

             There are two types of treatment for a cardiac patient .
1:Medication
2:Surgery
If patient is not responded to medication then surgery is attempted ,but there are so many risk factors involve in cardiac surgery.
Medication:
                A variety of medicine is available in market to treat various heart conditions.Majority of medicine is to prevent blood clot.
Surgery:
         Surgery is the last and only option for cardiac patient. it takes a long time to recover.
Common surgeries :
*CABG* coronary artery bypass grafting .
*Pacemakers*to regulate heartbeat.
*Angioplasty*balloon catheterization.
*Repairing of valves*
Prevention's:

  •            1:say no to smoking
  •            2.Quit alcohol 
  •            3.Control BP & diabetes 
  •            4.Exercise
  •            5.Low fat but balanced diet
The Most Common Disorders of Human Heart The Most Common Disorders of Human Heart Reviewed by Tech Uzair on 07:40 Rating: 5

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